A supportive arm at a difficult time
Exactly three years ago yesterday (thank you, Facebook memories), I stopped for the first time by the beautiful headquarters of Open Arms of Minnesota for food. I walked in, gave a slip of paper with my name to the receptionist, and walked out again. I now had a grocery bag for myself, another for my husband Rob, and a third for our two daughters. Each bag contained five fully cooked frozen meals, frozen soups with fresh accompanying baguettes, sandwiches, a green salad, breakfast offerings, string cheese, crackers, marinated vegetable salads, some lemon poppyseed crisps, and hand-baked treats. A half gallon of milk accompanied each bag.
We had recently received the stunning news that my husband Rob had lymphoma. And so, like many others, we entered the bewildering labyrinth of Dealing With Cancer (a journey now into its fourth year). Rob felt sick. I felt afraid and overwhelmed, filled with questions and faced with a daunting list of things to do before Rob could enter chemo. But fortunately, we heard about Open Arms of Minnesota early in our journey. The knowledge that Open Arms of Minnesota stood by ready to cook for us truly felt like an utter blessing in the midst of bleakness. With everything else we had to deal with, at least we wouldn’t have to worry about going to the grocery to purchase food, cooking it, or cleaning up afterward.
And the food was delicious! An army of volunteers prepared individual meals every week, often using fresh organic produce from Open Arms of Minnesota’s own Open Farms program. I marveled at the variety offered. The cooks carefully tailored the menu for Rob’s condition. They didn’t just help him feel better physically; they let him know that he was supported by a community happy to care for him. And I (as his caregiver) and our children could participate in the program, too.
Food means comfort. Open Arms of Minnesota knows that and shows it throughout their program.
Open Arms addresses hunger–and does so much more
I approached Open Arms of Minnesota for this post with the intention of examining how their work addressed the second UN Sustainable Development Goals,* “No Hunger.” Open Arms’ Communications Manager Jeanne Foels was happy to discuss Open Arms of Minnesota’s marketing. She took care to point out, however, that “we don’t actually see ourselves as a hunger agency. While we do serve to alleviate hunger for some of our clients, our focus is much more on nutrition. We aim to provide medically-tailored meals that strengthen clients as they face specific illnesses. Our staff includes a full-time dietitian working with our chefs to plan meals that fit within specific nutrition profiles of the illnesses we serve.
Used with permission
“Overall, we aim to put relationships at the heart of everything we do at Open Arms. Our goal is to not just feed people, but nourish them during the most challenging time of their life. Our home-delivered meals are a message that someone cares. We put tremendous effort into making sure those meals are delicious, comforting and appropriate for their medical, cultural and dietary needs.
Used with permission
“In addition, we aim to nourish our volunteers. We have a robust community of 5,500+ volunteers each year, and providing them with a great experience is very important. We want them to leave Open Arms feeling connected to their community, nourished by the relationships they form here, and proud that they are making a difference.
“As the Communications Manager, I hope to capture these efforts and values in everything we put out. Open Arms has a positive, open, warm brand that focuses on hope and abundance.”
Overall, this goes back to the roots of Open Arms of Minnesota’s history. Founder Bill Rowe began the organization thirty years ago, cooking food in his apartment and delivering it to men with AIDS too sick to cook and shop for themselves. The stigma of AIDS meant that many of these men had no help at all. Open Arms of Minnesota kept many of them from hunger. After twenty years of feeding people with HIV/AIDS, Open Arms of Minnesota enlarged their mission and began serving families dealing with other diseases, such as MS and Lou Gehrig’s disease. And families like mine, facing cancer.
Recently, on their Twitter Account, Open Arms looked back at how far their marketing has come:
Open Arms of Minnesota’s marketing today
I noted the following about the organization’s website, social media, and a few publications:
- I liked the warm brand colors, which are suggestive of growth and harvest. All the materials I saw nicely coordinated within that color scheme (such as the color overlay on the slideshow at the top of the home page). I liked the logo, too: the ‘O’ combined with the ‘A’ in harvest colors, with the leaf again suggesting growth. It looked like a stylized apple, bringing to mind the old aphorism “An apple a day keeps the doctor away.” The language throughout struck me as warm, welcoming, and easy to understand.
- The three buttons at the top identify Open Arms’ key audiences: Donors, Volunteers, and Client Families (Get Meals). This is clearly reflected in the menu bar at the top, too. Visitors to the website, then, have at least two different ways to access this information.
- I admired the interesting graphics work in the occasionally published magazine, Scoop, and the one annual report I reviewed (the most recent one). True, I haven’t reviewed many annual reports, but the publications sported more imaginative graphics than I expected. On the website’s menu bar, Donate, Volunteer, and Get Meals may have been clearly defined, but another category, News & Events, seemed more amorphous. The Recipe of the Week and Client and Volunteer Spotlights seemed stuck there randomly.
- Unfortunately, the pull down (secondary) menus drove me nuts. The type was VERY small. Every time I tried to move over to click a link, the secondary menu would disappear before I could get there. Judging from the frames layout, I suspected that the website hasn’t been redesigned in awhile. (Jeanne: The current version was built in 2009 and we are hoping to have a new website in the coming months. We’re hoping to make it a priority in the coming year. Our website is our front door to clients, volunteers, and donors. We know it’s a very important piece of the marketing puzzle! We did prioritize having a mobile-friendly version of the website. This helped us both to comply with Google’s mobile-friendly ranking preference and to improve access for our clients. Many of them only access the internet via mobile devices. We used a neat little WordPress plug-in to build a stripped-down version of the website that can be easily navigated on mobile.)
How do your client families find out about your services?
Used with permission
On the client side, we do much of our outreach through the medical community rather than digital channels. Our Client Services team works closely with doctors and case managers who regularly see patients with cancer, HIV/AIDS, multiple sclerosis or ALS. We attend fairs and outreach events focused on the illnesses we serve, too. We also collaborate with other organizations who work with the same illnesses (such as the Angel Foundation and the Hope Chest for Breast Cancer).
What about volunteers and donors?
Used with permission
Many of those find us through word-of-mouth, since we strive to provide a top-notch volunteer experience. Our volunteer orientations are full of people who have heard about us from friends and neighbors and coworkers who loved their time with us.
Using food expertise for event marketing
We introduce people to Open Arms through events like the Cook-a-Thon (a peer-to-peer fundraising campaign that widens our reach to the networks of our supporters) and Moveable Feast (our largest fundraising event of the year, a unique twist on a normal gala that involves generous support from our friends in the restaurant industry).
We’ve also started hosting pop-up dinners several times a year to share the talent of our restaurant-trained chefs with our supporters. These dinners are fabulous multi-course feasts with wine. They give our kitchen team a chance to exercise their creativity, all while introducing new people to what we do.
Once people come into our ecosystem, we build on the relationship through our communications channels. These channels include our email newsletter the Weekly Dish, print publications and mailings, and social media. A lot of our efforts drive back to the in-person experience that is so central to Open Arms. Once you walk in our door, you usually leave transformed, so we aim to get people in the door as often as possible.
What marketing tools do you use in your work?
We use MailChimp (which I love) for email campaigns, TweetDeck to schedule Twitter posts, and good old-fashioned spreadsheets for marketing calendars. Google Adwords has a nonprofit program, so we get free display ads.
Which marketing blogs do you find particularly useful?
Two of my favorite blogs are The Storytelling Nonprofit and SmartCause Digital – thanks to the latter, I just started testing a pop-up on our website today, and already have new subscribers to our email list because of it.
What are some upcoming marketing initiatives you’ll be proud to introduce?
One thing that I’m excited about is video – we are currently working with Twelve Plus, a terrific film production company, to create a retrospective film about Open Arms’ 30-year history that we’ll screen on Dec. 1. We’ve worked with them on two videos in the past: a general intro to what we do, and a video about how we came to have our beautiful building, both of which were designed for events we hosted.
Does their marketing achieve their goals?
Judging from my own experience Open Arms of Minnesota has met its marketing goals. I pick up the meals at the building every week rather than have them delivered as many clients do. I’m always happy to see Rod, who frequently volunteers at the front desk. The people in the kitchen remember me from week to week. Sometimes they ask how my husband’s doing, and I end up getting sympathetic hugs from the cooks.
On my own behalf, and on behalf of my family, I’d like to say a personal “Thank you” to Open Arms of Minnesota. They’ve kept us going, day by day. Thanks for giving a birthday cake to Rob each year. Thanks for providing our Thanksgiving dinner the past three years: turkey, potatoes, pumpkin pie and all. I can say without hesitation that you’re a terrific organization.
Have you attended any of the Open Arms of Minnesota’s pop-up dinners or joined the volunteer crew? Tell us about it in the comments. Know someone with one of the serious illnesses mentioned above who needs some help with meals? Have them contact Open Arms of Minnesota.
*This is the second in a series of posts examining the marketing of organizations addressing the UN’s 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
Here is the first video Jeanne mentioned above, which was developed as an introduction to Open Arms of Minnesota.
A time to live in silence
I’m leaving tomorrow for a retreat at a Benedictine spirituality center (not that I’m Roman Catholic, by the way. I just happen to like the place). I’ll probably spend much of my time in silence. The spirituality center provides comfortable rooms and a kitchen, which includes a freezer stocked with ice cream. My hosts keep chocolate chip cookies on a plate on the counter. Comfortable couches line the common room, which also boasts large windows offering an easy view of birdfeeders. The room’s focal point is a fireplace. A fire may not be terribly necessary for August weather, but I love to look at the brass sculpture of a stylized tree over the mantel. I might light the votive candles in the branches of the tree at night if I’m inclined to do so.
I can walk in the woods. My box of collage supplies is already in my car, and I’ll probably spend hours working on collage projects. If I want to eat alone in silence, I can do so.
If I wish, I can join a group of nuns who gather several times a day to sing the psalms.
Or not. It’s entirely up to me.
What does silence have to do with Worthiest Words?
J.R.R. Tolkien wrote in his essay “On Fairy Stories,” “We may say that the Pot of Soup, the Cauldron of Story, has always been boiling, and to it have continually been added new bits, both dainty and undainty.”
I’m a storyteller. I’ve added LOTS to my cauldron lately: all the new information I’ve studied about marketing, graphics, Google AdWords, and so forth. Stories need to boil awhile before they’re ready.
I wait for my Cauldron of Story to finish its magic, so I can absorb what I’ve learned and consider how it all falls into place. I need rest, too. This year has been a challenge.
And I need to gird my loins, so to speak, to think through and recommit to my mission. Trying to change the world through words is a big challenge.
Used with permission: CTI
Compatible Technology International (CTI)
An article in this weekend’s Star Tribune business section introduced me to Compatible Technology International (CTI). A quick look at the mission statement on CTI’s website convinced me that if I wanted to dive deeply into the marketing of an organization working on the UN’s first sustainable goal “No Poverty,* CTI would be an excellent choice for investigation. The first sentence of their mission statement reads:
‘We believe that a world without extreme poverty is entirely possible, and for us, it starts with providing tools for communities that are traditionally overlooked by mainstream engineering.
CTI’s Communications Director and Grants Manager Meghan Fleckenstein generously answered my questions about how CTI’s marketing facilitated CTI’s success.
What caught my eye about CTI’s marketing
To begin our conversation, I shared with her my impressions of what I admired about CTI’s marketing:
- The home page has a clear attractive brand and brand colors and allows responsive viewing across various devices. (Meghan: We update the website several times a week and typically redesign it about every five years. Our next move will not necessarily be toward minimalism but will tend toward easier navigation and a cleaner design.)
- Right at the top there’s a bright (brand-colored) call to action requesting donations, along with invitations to other social media platforms and to sign up for CTI’s newsletter.
- The site’s menu layout seemed clear to me, offering plenty of opportunities to explore without confusion. The pages had an interesting mixture of pictures, graphics, and video. (Meghan: the pictures are helpful because the type of work we do isn’t familiar to many. The pictures help visitors to the site understand what we do quickly without bogging them down in technical details and help them connect on a human level with the people CTI serves, too.)
- CTI puts their annual reports right on their website. That transparency is a good thing to see in a non-profit.
- The mission statement was clearly written and concise.
In fact, just about the only thing I could find to have a quibble with was the lack of updates on the website calendar.
Who do you see as the audience for your website? Judging from the FAQs, it looked to me as though you were talking both to potential donors and to the farmers using your products.
Yes, we really do have two audiences we’re communicating with, and we have to keep them both in mind. Obviously, donors are an important part of what we do and that’s the key focus. But there are the collaborators, partners, and farmers who are online. Sometimes we’ll get requests for equipment directly from the farmers.
What about volunteers? The Star Tribune mentioned you work with retired business people and engineers; how do you reach out to them?
We put out ads on Volunteer Match, our website, and the Minnesota Council of Nonprofits. A lot of businesses we work with, including big businesses, have internal volunteer databases. We don’t have as many opportunities for people to come in to do non-technical work and leave after a few hours. Instead, we’re often looking for retired people with a lot of time who are willing to volunteer, who have a lot of expertise and experience that we don’t have the resources to pay. St. Thomas (University) works with us, especially their engineering department. We also work with a lot of senior design classes where we’ll challenge them to solve a design problem in a new technology.
The challenges of marketing internationally
Used with permission
For the most part, the rural communities that we target won’t have internet access. They do have cell phones with text capability and text apps. So we use old-fashioned techniques: getting out into the field, introducing farmers to the technology, and leaving behind flyers. So many organizations come in and make promises, but their technologies break down. We need to build trust in a brand that is seen as reliable and rugged. We’re not going to go away if something fails to work the way it should. Instead, we’ll make sure that someone’s there to help you. Just because someone lives on a dollar a day doesn’t mean that they don’t recognize quality.
The marketing materials we leave behind are very well-designed. When we were introducing our thresher in Senegal a few years ago, we developed posters instead of brochures. People would often hang them up on their wall, so our marketing materials doubled as artwork that people might want.
Training materials have to be sort of IKEA-style, with not a lot of words but pictures so that it can be used in multiple languages. Many of the people we target aren’t able to read, so the technology manuals must be really easy to interpret.
Targeting your message for different platforms
To take one specific example, what would be different about your website versus your newsletter? I saw a reference to the newsletter containing ‘exclusive updates from the field.’ Is there anything else different about the newsletter and the way you present yourself, sort of a philosophy of handling it or presenting information because it’s a newsletter rather than a website?
Anything on the web, we have to imagine that people are going about busy with their day. It has to be easy to scan, easy to read quickly. Click here if you want more information. Usually, with the newsletter, emails will be sent out with links to click to read longer articles on our blog. Really, anything we put out should be easy to scan, apart from the annual report. People just don’t sit down and read long articles. But with the newsletter, with the option to read updates from the field, we want to offer that option for people who are interested in reading more. We’re going to be introducing an in-print newsletter, which is something we haven’t done. That’s going to be a little bit longer format with more in-depth information.
Written marketing strategy
Do you have a written marketing strategy, apart from the CTI Design Innovation Path?
Yes, we do. We have a communications plan. We also have separate pieces, like a social media guide with some standards because we work with interns and volunteers a lot. Sort of tips for volunteers who help us, specifically with Facebook. But yes, on top of that, we have a communications plan in which we put out specific goals and strategies for each year, and it’s really looped in with our development plan each year.
What might you add?
What would you like to do to add to your marketing if you had more time and resources?
- If we had more money to invest, I think we’d definitely want more video. It is so important for people to hear the voices of the farmers that we’re trying to help, but it can be very expensive. We don’t have a lot of money to hire professional videographers, so we’re always trying to balance just getting video out but making sure it’s professional.
- We’d like more communications resources in-country. We just had our staff here from Malawi and Senegal. We spent a lot of time training them on communications: how to take good pictures on a smart phone camera, basic practices on video, and how to interview people. Our in-country staff needs more tools because they’re talking with farmers every day. That knowledge will help.
- We’re always looking for help with the technology, the product marketing. Not a lot of people have focused on targeting small farmers, so we’re breaking new ground, and trying new things.
How are you doing it all?
You have so much going on, and I understand you’re doing the fundraising and development work, too. You’ve said you have relied on interns. I was wondering whether you were using any particular marketing tools.
Honestly, we’re all super passionate about what we do. It’s fun, so we try to keep it fun and then it doesn’t feel like it’s work. But we’re really conscious of setting goals and managing our time. We all have our own organization tools. I still love writing out a to-do list so I know what’s coming up. We use an Excel-style dashboard that’s for communications about fundraising, mapping out what opportunities we know are coming down the pipeline, like who’s going to be traveling. What are the big pieces we need to put out each month? We try to re-use content as much as possible to save us time, as we do with the newsletter and the blog. We get a lot of volunteers, and two communications interns are helping us this year. And we try to be very conscious about not overlapping work, so we’re very organized about what we’re working on.
For further reading:
Meghan referred me to a blog post she wrote about CTI’s marketing strategy in Senegal. She also recommended the blog How Matters, which covers international development and marketing.
What do you find particularly striking or inspirational about CTI’s marketing? Are there some ideas here which you might like to bring to your own organization?
[*This is the first in a series of posts examining the marketing of non-profits and organizations that are addressing the UN’s 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. See my initial post “Helping the Pale Blue Dot: Earth” for the beginning of the project.]
Finally, here is one of the videos on CTI’s home page, created for them by a talented intern.
You’ve probably heard of or read astronomer Carl Sagan’s evocative description of the tiny object in the famous photograph captured by the spacecraft Voyager 1 as it left our solar system behind. Earth: a pale blue dot. Sagan wrote:
Look again at that dot. That’s here. That’s home. That’s us. On it everyone you love, everyone you know, everyone you ever heard of, every human being who ever was, lived out their lives….
Our planet is a lonely speck in the great enveloping cosmic dark. In our obscurity, in all this vastness, there is no hint that help will come from elsewhere to save us from ourselves.
Carl Sagan, Pale Blue Dot, 1994
I’ve been thinking about personal branding lately. What is the mission of this website, this blog? I’ve boiled it down to Better words for a better world. That, in turn, led me to two further questions:
- What do I mean by a better world, anyhow?
- How does marketing come into this?
What does a better Earth look like?
The term I’ve used for years is one I rather like: “Decrease World Suck,” a phrase facetiously coined by John and Hank Green. But it turns out that a lot of people have been thinking about this question, “What can we do to help the Earth?”
For example, on 1 January 2016, the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development — adopted by world leaders in September 2015 at a historic UN Summit — officially came into force. On April 22, 2016, 176 countries signed the United Nations Paris Climate Agreement (addressing climate change is covered by the sustainable goals).
So what are the goals? Here they are:
Hey, that’s a pretty good list. We can work with that.
What about marketing?
Yeah, what about it? What can marketing have to do with helping the world?
What I’d like to do is to hone in on each of these goals in upcoming blog posts. I’d like to identify groups and companies which are working to try to solve these problems, to make the world a better place in each of these areas. I’ll look at both for-profit companies and non-profit organizations. Next, I will examine the marketing that each of these entities is doing. Who is their audience? Does the marketing convince the intended audience and how can you tell? (Does it convince me?) What marketing techniques do they use? Are they effective? How might they be improved? Finally, who are the people running these marketing campaigns? How did they get into this work? What can they teach us?
Do you have any organizations or companies to suggest for any of these areas? Are there groups or people doing work that you particularly admire? Why do you admire it?
(Oh yeah…and I did vertically flip the picture(s) of the world at the top of this blog post. Here’s why.)
I started a blog post today and midway through, I decided I had REALLY gone down the wrong track. I tucked that half-completed post into my drafts and opened a new page to start again.
Blogging is comfortable and familiar to me, (I kept a blog on another site for over a decade). I’ve been formally studying marketing, however, for two years. I’ve worked with words for years as an English teacher and a published writer. I served as the assistant to the Marketing Director at my last full-time job. It’s only since my employer downsized my job last year, however, that I decided on the risk of this new direction. This year I’ve begun studying the tools of my new trade (Adobe Creative Suite, ActiveCampaign, Mail Chimp, Rainmaker, Weebly, etc). I’m learning, yes, but what can I blog about in marketing that would be helpful and informative, when I feel so new to the field myself?
So, as you do, I went Googling. “50 blog topics you can write about right now” — that seemed promising. But again, the topics boiled down to “share your expertise,” which didn’t feel helpful. Then I Googled “blog topics you can write about when you’re new to your field.”
And then I ran across a statistic that astonished me. Is it true? Assuming it is, I suddenly felt rather better:
80% of people age 45+ consider changing careers; only 6% actually do.
Yes, my former coworkers who were laid off with me have jobs again. That’s because they went right back to doing what they were doing before. I’m apparently more of a rare bird, willing to hare off in a new direction (and isn’t THAT a mixed metaphor). Just as I stopped writing a blog post that wasn’t working and opened a new page to start again, come to think of it. This page.
I started studying karate because I had been driving my daughters to lessons for years and it looked fun. I began as a white belt in my early forties. When I stood at the final black belt screening eight years later, after countless hours of sweat, practice, and discouragement, our teacher told us, “Think about all the other students in your white belt classes. Think about how few of them are here today. YOU are the ones who stuck it out.”
I was the oldest student taking that exam. But I earned my black belt, and I was mighty proud when my teacher tied it on.
It’s a risk to make a change, to throw your heart into the struggle to gain mastery in something new. That is true of established companies that want to stay relevant. That’s true of entrepreneurs who start out with nothing but hope and an idea that can change the world.
I’m breaking all sorts of rules about professional blogging here, and that’s a risk, too. I’ve admitted I’m not just out of college. This isn’t a blog post full of helpful, expert marketing advice. I haven’t carefully calibrated SEO, searched the keywords in my title, and I don’t have headers spaced every 300 words. There are no handy lists like “5 of the most important WordPress plugins” or “10 rules to remember that will make your email subject lines pop.” It’s a declaration. I’m not at the black belt stage of being a marketer, although I’m certainly past the white belt stage. The important thing is that I’m the type of person willing to change and grow and take on a whole new area of knowledge. I know I can do it.
I’ve done it before. I’ll do it again.
That’s what I can give you now as a reason to listen to what I have to say.
Let us begin by considering the basic building blocks of communication: words.
Robert Pirosh’s Job Application Letter
In 2009, Shaun Usher began the website Letters of Note, which he described as “an attempt to gather and sort fascinating letters, postcards, telegrams, faxes, and memos.” The letters range from the funny to the heartbreaking to the fascinating. Eventually, Usher collected 125 into a book of the same name: Letters of Note. Robert Pirosh, a writer attempting to move from the position of New York advertising copywriter to Hollywood screenwriter, wrote what Usher considers his “favorite letter ever.” The Guardian describes it as “perhaps the most sparse, tantalizing job application in history.” The letter begins:
I like words. I like fat buttery words, such as ooze, turpitude, glutinous, toady. I like solemn, angular, creaky words, such as straitlaced, cantankerous, pecunious, valedictory. I like spurious, black-is-white words, such as mortician, liquidate, tonsorial, demi-monde. I like suave “V” words, such as Svengali, svelte, bravura, verve. I like crunchy, brittle, crackly words, such as splinter, grapple, jostle, crusty. I like sullen, crabbed, scowling words, such as skulk, glower, scabby, churl….
(Read the rest of the letter at the link above).
Words have their own character
What Robert Pirosh clearly understood is that words have character. In his confident grasp, they almost have personalities. Given this, words that appear to have absolutely no obvious relationship can be grouped in surprising ways. Words can have zing, they can have bite; they even have temperaments and moods.
Robert Pirosh clearly noticed and appreciated the difference between the bland and the not-so-bland. Moreover, he would go for the vivid choice every time. At the end of the letter, he demonstrated his confident mastery over language with his elegant little turn-of-phrase pitch, (“I have just returned [from Europe] and I still like words. May I have a few with you?”). Of course you would want to hire him! And indeed, this letter netted Mr. Pirosh three interviews and eventually a job as a junior writer at MGM. He went on to win an Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay for his work on the war film, Battleground.
Use language that is precise, memorable, and vivid
We are positively awash in a sea of words. Advertisers, marketers, journalists, businesses, bloggers, and politicians used to compete for space. Now they compete for attention. Of course, the nature of your communication and audience makes a difference. Engineers, for example, generally cultivate different vocabularies than rock artists. But if doing so will suit your purposes, take the time to consider the mood a word may evoke. Does it convey any sensory imagery, such as smell or taste? The more precise your language, the better fit it will be for anyone searching with keywords and the easier to remember, too.
If you can’t find exactly the right word, consider making one up. Lewis Carroll coined a phrase for these: portmanteau words. (One of Lewis Carroll’s contributions to our dictionary was “chortle.”) Shakespeare coined over 1,700 words that we commonly use today by playing with language, “changing nouns into verbs, changing verbs into adjectives, connecting words never before used together, adding prefixes and suffixes, and devising words wholly original.”
What are some of your favorite words?